Ezekiel 38:2 Study Archive

 

 

Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him

 


Ezekiel 38:2
Gog and Magog


Gary DeMar (1996)
“Edwin M. Yamauchi, noted Christian historian and archeologist, writes that rosh “can have nothing to do with modern ‘Russia,’” and “all informed references and studies acknowledge that the association with Moscow and Tobolsk is untenable.”  (Last Days Madness Obsession of the Modern Church, Atlanta, GA: American Vision, 1996, p. 363)


Patti and Paul Lalonde (1992)
“Bible scholars agree that ‘Gog’ also described as ‘prince of Rosh,’ is the leader of what is modern day Russia.” (In the Edge of Time: The Final Countdown Has Begun)

Tim LaHaye (1992)
“Etymology is the study of linguistic changes and the history of words.  We will investigate the etymology of the names of nations.  As we will see, “Magog” is an ancient name for the nation now known as Russia.  “Gog” merely means “the chief prince of Magog,” or more literally, the chief prince of Meschech and Tubal (38:2-3; 39:1). 

The name “Moscow” derives from the tribal name “Meshech,” and “Tobolsk, the name of the principal state, from “Tubal.” The noun “Gog” is from the original tribal name “Magog,” which gradually became “Rosh,” then “Russ,” and today is known as “Russia.” (“Will God Destroy Russia, in Storming Towards Armageddon: Essays in Apocalypse, ed. Wm. James (Green Forest, AR: New Leaf Press, 1992), p. 260-261)

“Russia is unquestionably the nation identified in the prophecies of Ezekiel 38 and 39.” (“Will God Destroy Russia, in Storming Towards Armageddon: Essays in Apocalypse, ed. Wm. James (Green Forest, AR: New Leaf Press, 1992), p. 259)

Hal Lindsey (1970)
“When the Russians invade the Middle East with amphibious and mechanized land forces, they will make a ‘blitzkreig’ type of offensive through the area.”

“The current build-up of Russian ships in the Mediterranean serves as another significant sign of the possible nearness of Armageddon” (The Late Great Planet Earth, Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1970, p. 145-146)

“Dr. Cummings, writing in 1864, said, “This king of the North I conceive to be the autocrat of Russia.. that Russia occupies a place, and a very momentous place, in the prophetic word has been admitted by almost all expositors.” (ibid., p. 52)

(Hal Lindsey changing tune after fall of Russia)
“But world domination — as Ezekiel makes clear — was never in the script for Russia!” (italics in original, Cited in Pate and Haines, p. 138)


OTHER SOURCES


Johann van Rooyen and Dennis Humphrey
“In Ezekiel 38:2, “Magog” occurs as the name of a country (with the definite article); in Ezekiel 39:6 as that of a northern people, the leader of whom is Gog.   The Gematria of the Hebrew letters of the expression Gog-uMagog (“Gog and Magog”) is 70. The sages interpreted this as the 70 nations of the world rising up against Yisra’el and the Mashiach.” (Expository Glossary of Hebraic Terms used in Messianic Teaching)

Pate and Haines (1995)
“Historian Edwin Yamauchi notes that, even if one transliterated the Hebew ro’s as a proper name (as the Septuagint does), it can have nothing to do with modern Russia.  Yamauchi writes, “This would be a gross anachronism, for the modern name is based upon the nameRus, which was brought into the reign of Kiev, north of the Black Sea, by the Vikings only in the Middle Ages.”  Yamauchi goes on to analyze the nomenclature “Gog and Magog” and reaches the majority scholarly opinion, namely, that we simply cannot positively identify the antecedents of these historical names. However, the identifications of Meshech and Tubal are not in doubt.  Few scholars today equate them with Moscow and Tobolsk.  Rather, combined ancient testimony attests to the fact that Meshech and Tubal were located in central and eastern Anatolia (Asia Minor), respectively.”  (C. Marvin Pate and Calvin B. Haines, Jr., Doomsday Delusions: What’s wrong with Predictions About the End of the World, Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1995, p. 62-63)

“The point we wish to make is that is seems difficult for those who predicted the Soviet Union would be the great enemy to the north that would swarm over Israel to acknowledge the fact that the empire is no more.  Instead, they amend their interpretations to fit the current scene.”

“Lindsey offers a concluding remark: “Yes, the Evil Empire may be gone, but Russia’s role in the endtimes scenario remains the same.  The mainstream media may not be tracking developments in Russia with much scrutiny and depth or giving them the attention they deserve, but, behind the scenes, there are momentous and profound events taking place in Moscow.  The great bear may not look dangerous as it once did, but looks can be deceiving.

Clearly, Lindsey is rationalizing the error of predicting.. He avoids dealing with the reality of the false prediction by saying now that the Soviet collapse was inevitable.” (ibid., p. 138)


EZEKIEL 38:2 IN THE VERSIONS


Son of man, set your face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him,  (WEB)

Son of man, set thy face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him,  (ASV)

Son of man, let your face be turned against Gog, of the land of Magog, the ruler of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and be a prophet against him,  (BBE)

Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him,  (DBY)

Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,  (KJV)

Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him.  (WBS)

Son of man, set thy face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,  (JPS)

Son of man, set thy face unto Gog, of the land of Magog, prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy concerning him,   (YLT)

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