I am currently in the middle of a discussion with a brother-in-Christ regarding the scope and details of Israel’s hope as mentioned through Romans chapters 1-8. Through recent discussion, we recently agreed to begin writing up summaries on each chapter for our own edification and well as to receive challenge and critique from each other. I am also submitting this to my personal blog for discussions with others on social media and those who read this blog.
Here are my summary notes on Romans chapter 1.
The Book of Romans starts out with the Apostle Paul detailing the “gospel”, the good news of the hope of Israel being fulfilled (that which was made known through the Old Testament prophets), to those at Rome (See, Romans 1:2, 7 cf. 1 Peter 1:10-12; Acts 24 & 26).
In Romans 1:16 the Apostle explains that this gospel is to “the Jew first, and then to the Gentile”. The judgement would begin with the Jews first, and the then the Gentiles, as the Apostle will clarify in the next couple verses about the “wrath of God” and the next few chapters in the Book of Romans. In verse 17, in talking about those who would be saved the Apostle mentions a portion of Habakkuk 2:4 which would have brought the Jewish mind to the judgement of God upon the fatten, “rich”, idolatrous Israel, what the Book of Revelation refers to as she who “committed adultery with the nations” (cf. Revelation chapters 17-18). What Habakkuk reveals and the Apostle Paul intends to remind the reader of the letter is that those who live by faith and the righteousness of God will be saved. The text ultimately reveals a saved remnant, highlighting the “second exodus motif” often referenced to by Bible scholar Tom Holland.
“…the Jews in the first century AD would view concepts of salvation through the Exodus of Israel from Egypt to the promised land.” – Tom Holland
In verses 18 – 2:1, we read about the “wrath of God” being revealed against the generation who “suppress the truth in unrighteousness”, who try to cover their own misdeeds through their judgement of others. This is exactly what the religious leaders of Israel did through their traditions thus nullifying their reward of being in covenant with God (cf. Mark 7:13).
The truth regarding His presence in His holy temple would come to be revealed and all the land would keep silence before him (which did occur in the events of AD 70) cf. Habakkuk 2:20). Much of the popular discussions regarding Natural Theology verses Revealed Theology can be clarified by an understanding of the particular covenant given to Israel, their hope as made known through the prophets, gaining and understanding of proper audience relevance of the details in Romans, and the context of the fulfillment of the “appointed day” judgement.
Source: Miano Gone Wild